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6 Types of Uterine Fibroids and Symptoms Explained

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Personal Experience with Survivor's CPTSD, Narcissistic Abuse, Anxiety & Sleep Disorders, Asperger's Syndrome, and Women's Wellness.

What Are Uterine Fibroids?

Known by other medical terms such as leiomyomas, myomas, and fibromas, uterine fibroid growths are noncancerous tumors (except in sporadic cases), that develop within the female uterus and comprise the same muscle tissue as the uterine wall, although much denser.

Researchers do not know the definite causes of uterine fibroids, although many studies suggest the condition somehow links to a woman’s genetic makeup and (or) a hormonal imbalance.

According to the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, a large percentage of women will experience the condition in their lifetime. The average age range of sensitivity is from a woman’s early thirties until the onset of menopause, during the fifties, and estimated that of all women by the age of 50 - 70 percent Caucasian and 80 percent African American suffered from the disease.

This hysterectomy specimen shows a large, solitary leiomyoma in the fundus, distoring the endometrial cavity into a Y shape by splaying and pressing it downwards.

This hysterectomy specimen shows a large, solitary leiomyoma in the fundus, distoring the endometrial cavity into a Y shape by splaying and pressing it downwards.

The trouble with chronic pain is that it is so easy to become accustomed to it, both mentally and physically. At first, it's absolutely agonizing; it's the only thing you think about, like a rock in your shoe that rubs your foot raw with every step. Then the constant rubbing, the pain and the limp all become part of the status quo, the occasional stabbing pain just a reminder. You are so set to endure, hunched against it - and when it starts to ease, you don't really

— Robert J. Wiersema

Uterine Fibroids Symptoms

Considering the percentages as mentioned earlier, the numbers are astounding and significant, but why aren’t there more women coming forward and complaining of symptoms? The answer remains simple though to the chronic sufferer, quite hard to believe. Some women have no signs at all. Depending on the severity - the time and size of the tumors - most women diagnosed with uterine fibroids experience mild symptoms, while others experience the full outlined range as noted below.

  • Cramping, Intense Pain, or Tenderness in the Pelvic Region
  • Heavy Bleeding
  • Longer-Than-Normal Menstrual Cycle
  • Spotting in Between Menstrual Cycles
  • Pain During Sexual Intercourse
  • Back Ache
  • Leg Pain
  • Bloating or Fullness in the Pelvic Region
  • Constipation or Bladder Irritation
  • Anemia
  • Fatigue
  • Mood Swings
  • Infertility
  • Miscarriages

Recent studies have shown that eating a healthy diet and using natural remedies may help reduce the symptoms of fibroids pain or reverse the disease. Anyone looking for more information on holistic care might want to refer to this informative article: 5 Natural Ways Proven to Help Remedy Uterine Fibroid Pain.

Schematic showing the placement of six types of uterine fibroids within the womb

Schematic showing the placement of six types of uterine fibroids within the womb

1. Subserosal Fibroids

Subserosal fibroids (a) grow to the outside of the wall of the uterus. These types of fibroids may increase large enough to distort the shape of the uterus, making the organ appear lopsided. Depending on its size, the growth can press up against the bladder causing trouble with emptying the bladder or bulge down in the lower back region causing uncomfortable pressure along with spinal nerves, back, and leg pain complications.

2. Intramural Fibroids

Intramural fibroids (b) are one of the most common types of fibroid. They burrow deep within the uterine muscle wall and grow into massive tumors larger than the size of a watermelon and stretch the uterine wall beyond its reasonable limit. These tumors can cause heavy bleeding during the menstrual cycle and discomfort and pressure in the pelvic region.

3. Submucosal Fibroids

Submucosal fibroids (c) grow just beneath the lining of the uterus wall. These types of tumors are less frequent and known to cause substantial, prolonged bleeding during the menstrual cycle. They also instill infertility and increase miscarriage incidents during a woman’s reproductive years.

4. Pedunculated Submucosal Fibroids

Pedunculated submucosal fibroids (d) grow as an extended stalk inside or outside of the uterus. These growths are almost always the cause of a sudden severe knife stabbing pain after a sudden movement where the stalk connection to the uterine wall cuts off blood flow to the fibroid.

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5. Cervical Fibroid in Statu

Cervical fibroids (e) are rare but occur and are detected, growing within the cervical tissue although in fewer instances than the other five types of fibroids.

6. Intraligamental Fibroid

Intraligamental fibroids (f) are sporadic tumors that attach themselves to the connective tissue on the outside of the uterus.

Seek Qualified Professional Health Care

Make a gynecological appointment for a diagnosis if you’ve experienced an increase in uterine pelvic pain, prolonged menstrual cycles with a heavy flow, or spotting in between periods. These are the warning signs of various types of muscular tumors which can place a burden on the woman’s physical and mental health if they continue to grow and multiply. They can also be warning signs of an even more complicated and life-threatening illness such as uterine cancer.

All women of childbearing, premenopausal, or postmenopausal phases in life should continue with their yearly well-woman check-ups for pap smears examination and thorough advice rather than relying on online medical self-care.

A transvaginal ultrasonography showing a subserosal uterine fibroid with a diameter of 5 centimeters.

A transvaginal ultrasonography showing a subserosal uterine fibroid with a diameter of 5 centimeters.

What Happens if You Ignore or Neglect Uterine Fibroids?

Depending on the time and growth spurts, ignoring or neglecting the symptoms could worsen the condition to the point of a debilitating lifestyle.

Those women suffering from the disease find themselves when life is inconvenient to the fibroid condition that they must prohibit their typical day-to-day activities. Where they once enjoyed working out at the gym, hiking or long walks, shopping trips, vacation travel, or situations more imperative such as attendance at the workplace or sexual relations because of the embarrassment because of an accidental and uncontrolled bleed, they can no longer.

Even more alarming are two other scenarios which might produce life-threatening conditions such as a pregnancy miscarriage or an out-of-control fibroid that grows to a disproportionate size disrupting other organs.

Women who endure the many symptoms may find themselves under emotional strain, experiencing mood swings and bouts of depression, causing the need for professional mental health counseling.

The best course of action is to not ignore or neglect the condition. Seek immediate treatment—the sooner the better—to prevent any unwanted crises, whether it might be mental or physical to the woman’s well-being.

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Medical Disclaimer

The information provided in this article is based on either personal experience and (or) compiled research to familiarize the condition. Anything written in the article should not be used to diagnose or solely treat any ailment. Please consult your health care professional for the best advice and practice for your specific situation before using any alternative methods. If having a health-related emergency, please contact Emergency Services immediately.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.

© 2018 ziyena

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