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Burnout Syndrome: What You Need to Know

During my first year at university, I suffered from Burnout Syndrome. It was not recognized, then. When it was, I researched it endlessly.

 Burnout Syndrome is a type of 'human battery depletion' characterized by extreme mental and physical exhaustion for a prolonged period of time as a result of chronic stress.

Burnout Syndrome is a type of 'human battery depletion' characterized by extreme mental and physical exhaustion for a prolonged period of time as a result of chronic stress.

What is Burnout Syndrome?

I am sure we've all had these days where we feel like doing nothing except stay at home, order take-out, and binge-watch series or read books. It is perfectly normal to take a day or two for yourself away from the overwhelming demands of life. In fact, studies now show that vacation time or 'personal days' result in improved productivity, lower stress, and better mental health.

But, what happens when these two days become a week or month, during which you are too emotionally and physically exhausted to follow up on your commitments, whether personal or professional?

As a freshman in university, I experienced a similar situation. It was intolerable, to say the least. I would sit at my desk for hours on end not being able to focus or recall any topics from the curriculum. My sleep schedule was very off and I was constantly exhausted. It got to the point where I gave up on trying to study for tests, convinced that the information would seep through my brain in the state that I was in. I was right; by that point, there was nothing I could do, because, as I now know, I was suffering from Burnout Syndrome.

Recognized in May 2019 as a psychological disorder, Burnout Syndrome is a type of 'human battery depletion' characterized by extreme mental and physical exhaustion for a prolonged period of time as a result of chronic stress. Its symptoms show themselves on a spectrum depending on how far the disorder has progressed.


So, What Are the Symptoms?

Effect on Areas:Early Signs/StagesSymptoms of Syndrome

Physical Symptoms

mild headaches

IBS, chest pains, decreased immune system


difficulty paying attention

impaired cognitive function


acute loss of enjoyment

depressive episodes


lack of energy

Chronic Fatigue


trouble falling sleep on some days

Chronic Insomnia


infrequent loss of appetite

weight loss


tension, worry, uneasiness

anxiety interferes with daily tasks



anger, outbursts



inability to finish projects


negative self-talk

trust issues

Social Life

resistance to socializing


Causes of Burnout Syndrome

Acknowledging and treating the above symptoms of the syndrome can spare someone a lot of mental and physical pain. But recognizing and avoiding the following causes before symptoms occur is also important.

  • chronic stress
  • self-sacrifice
  • feeling either permanently overworked or under-challenged, being under time pressure, or having conflicts with colleagues.
  • extreme commitment that results in people neglecting their own needs.

And, while many sources claim that the diagnosis is limited to work environments and shouldn't be applied to other situations, it has been proven that the syndrome can be caused by social, athletic, and academic demands as well.



After months of feeling guilty about my inability to function, I made a decision that was crucial to my recovery. I started eliminating stressors from my life and adding de-stressors, such as:

1) Positive and rewarding work:

  • excites and motivates you
  • is enjoyable
  • where you feel appreciated and valued by your boss and peers

2) Supportive individuals:

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  • who stick by you in your time of need
  • who do not judge you
  • who are understanding of your mental state

3) Foods that have been shown to decrease stress, including:

  • asparagus
  • avocado
  • blueberries
  • turkey
  • almonds
  • yogurt
  • kale/arugula
  • salmon

It may seem daunting to do this at first. I even left my job for one that was less stressful and deadline-based. But, if I can do it, so can you! You may think that many aspects of your life are not under your control, but they are. You don't have control over your overly-nosy relatives, but you do have control over how often you see them. If you can't leave your job for financial reasons, you can choose to work on fewer projects. So, do it and put your mental health above everything else.


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Impaired cognitive performance in patients with chronic burnout syndrome. (2004, November 17). Retrieved June 13, 2019, from

The Tell Tale Signs of Burnout ... Do You Have Them? (2013, November 11). Retrieved June 13, 2019, from

Depression: What is burnout? (2017, January 12). Retrieved June 13, 2019, from

Ekberg, J. Y., Griffith, N., & Foxall, M. J. (2006, December 22). Spouse burnout syndrome. Retrieved June 13, 2019, from

Oliva, E. F., Santos, Andrade, S., Santos, Abreu, A. T., Melo, . . . De, T. M. (n.d.). Burnout Syndrome and associated factors among medical students: A cross-sectional study. Retrieved June 13, 2019, from

Handbook of Sport Psychology - Handbook of Sport Psychology. (n.d.). Retrieved June 13, 2019, from

Negativity Is Contagious, Study Finds. (2007, October 07). Retrieved June 13, 2019, from

Beat Anxiety: 8 Foods that Help with Anxiety and Stress. (n.d.). Retrieved June 13, 2019, from

Jideonwo, P. (2014, March 10). These Foods Make Your Stress & Anxiety WORSE. Retrieved June 13, 2019, from

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.

© 2019 Laila Hashem


TurtleDog on August 15, 2019:

I think we all get this from time to time but,as your article puts so well, it can become a major problem. Probably I struggle the most with finding something exciting, as my de-stressor.

Glenn Stok from Long Island, NY on August 14, 2019:

I was wondering if I might have Burnout Syndrome since I sometimes feel overwhelmed. But that’s just because I have so many things on my agenda that I try to get done.

Based on your table of symptoms I see that I definitely don’t have it, which is good. But even though I don’t have burnout, your list of stress reduces is welcome information that I plan to use. Thanks for such as detailed and researched article.

Laila Hashem (author) from United Arab Emirates on June 13, 2019:

Glad you liked it!

Gupi on June 13, 2019:

Thank you for writing this wonderful article. I like how you have discussed the symptoms in depth and how things can be improved.

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