Top Medical Innovations for 2019
Overview - New Medical Advances
In 2018 and 2019 many researchers have worked hard to find significant cures for diseases with good results. They have tried to find alternative therapies for pain. They use artificial intelligence in healthcare. New innovations have enhanced healing, and new procedures are treating patients who have had a stroke. Immunotherapy or biologic therapy are being investigated to treat cancer with promising results. Robotic surgery has advanced as well. There will be many changes this year.
Pharmacogenomic testing is being developed to find ways to relieve pain in light of the opioid crisis. Pharmacogenomic testing actually uses a patient’s DNA (genetic makeup) to tailor medical treatments for pain based on an individual’s metabolism. This includes opiate-based drugs. This testing determines how a patient will respond to pain medication. The goal is to reduce opioid abuse.
While this sounds wonderful there are those that are optimist, but some are not. Implementation of pharmacogenomics has been slow even though there have there have been technological advances in this field. Researchers in the USA and in Europe are working on this technology.
Top 10 Medical Innovations: 2019
Acute Stroke Treatment
New guidelines were introduced in 2018, to treat acute strokes by thee American Heart Association (AHA) and the American Stroke Association (ASA). The primary revision was the extended time for acute stroke treatment.
My husband had a stroke at 59 years of age, and it happened at 1 AM. I called 911, the ambulance came quickly, but when we got to the hospital they would not treat the stroke with tPA due to their rigid time frame. He was fine when he went to sleep, but they said they didn’t know what time the stroke occurred even though he had not been asleep for that long. The intravenous tPA can now be given within 4.5 hours of the last known normal activity.That probably would have reversed my husband’s symptoms. He was totally paralysed on the left side initially, but that reversed to some degree. He ended up with surgery on an artery in his neck, but he still has balance problems.
Hemorrhagic Strokes - Early Diagnosis
Hemorrhagic strokes occur in 13% of all cases, and they have a 40% death rate. If blood leaks into the brain it can cause damage and swelling. Rapid diagnosis is essential to save lives. The technologies used for diagnosis is a hemorrhage scanning visor.
Pre-hospital hemorrhage scanning can speed up the diagnosis and save lives. Arm weakness, facial drooping and speech difficulty are signs of a possible stroke, plus time to call 911.
Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare
Artificial intelligence (AI) in healthcare means using digital computers or a computer-controlled robot to perform some medical tasks that intelligent humans once performed. The robots cannot adapt to the higher human intelligence concerning wide domains of information, but they are improving.
AL assists in medical diagnosis, and it aids “physicians in identifying pathology on image analysis. Additionally, AI aids the physician because “machine learning algorithms have the ability to highlight problem areas on images, aiding in the screening process.” The end result is that physicians work smarter, not harder.
Always laugh when you can, It is cheap medicine.
Robotic Surgery Advances
Physicians work to make surgeries as short and least invasive as possible. Surgical platforms are highly advanced, and they are used for numerous types of surgeries, including spinal, endovascular procedures and numerous other types of procedures. The benefits are shorter recovery times, so less time in the hospital, plus surgeries have improved outcomes.
Innovation in Robotic Surgery
Immunotherapy to Treat Cancer
Cancer immunotherapy and immunotherapy programs have made great strides for treatment. It leverages the immune system to treat cancer tumors. The role of inflammation in cancer has been studied and new treatments, such as antibody-based therapies, cancer vaccines, and CAR-T cell therapies are the result.
Solid tumors, such as non-small cell and melanoma cell lung cancer. Immunotherapy will hopefully cure all types of tumors someday.
3D Printing for Patient Specific Products
Medical devices can be very well matched to the patient using 3D printing technology. Medical devices are matching an individual’s natural anatomy. This minimizes patient risks. This technology is used for external prosthetics, cranial/orthopedic implants, in complicated heart surgeries and customized airway stents for diseases of the airway. Cleveland Clinic uses this technology for total face transplants also. Prosthetics are more comfortable, so they work better for the patient.
Wherever the art of medicine is loved, there is also a love of humanity.
Cardiac Valve Replacement Surgery
The tricuspid and mitral valve replacement can now be done in a percutaneously way. More recent is the aortic valve replacement as well. A catheter is inserted into a vein in the skin or arm into a vein to replace these valves whenever possible. The aortic valve was still considered an open heart surgery until recently when some hospitals have been successful in the percutaneous method.
I worked in critical care recovering open-heart surgery patients, and this is a difficult, painful surgery. Replacing valves through the groin or arm is a huge advancement.
RNA Based Therapies
RNA-based therapies are a newer innovation in labs everywhere. This therapy gives scientists a way to intercept a patient’s genetic abnormality “before it is translated a functioning (or nonfunctioning) protein.”
This therapy can treat rare genetic diseases, such as Huntington’s disease and cancers. The hope is to alter genetic data.
Medical education now uses VR/MR technology that adds a new element to medical education. This type of education appeals to all types of students who learn through audio, visual or kinesthetic training.
The numerous new innovations and therapies are exciting as more people will be cured. The robotic surgery is a great tool to allow patients to have less pain and a faster recovery. Each one of these new areas of technology is certainly an advancement for patients.
This content is for informational purposes only and does not substitute for formal and individualized diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed medical professional. Do not stop or alter your current course of treatment. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.
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© 2019 Pamela Oglesby